I’m Josh, and I’m a member of Roller Coaster Riders Anonymous… If only there were such an organization, many people like me would probably be forced to join by their non-riding significant others.
Thankfully, my fiancee and I both love to ride roller coasters, and there’s no reason we’d ever join a roller coaster riding cessation club if there were one. After all, we think there are few things that could possibly be more fun than strapping into a roller coaster and screaming until our voices are hoarse.
Roller coasters, and their forerunners, have been keeping thrill seekers busy — and screaming — since the 17th century, when so-called Russian Mountains first appeared in the area that would become known as St. Petersburg, Russia.
These 70- to 80-foot tall slides would eventually morph into the undulating wooden tracks that prevailed across the American landscape during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Today, roller coasters come in all shapes, sizes, and thrills.
Find out where the tallest, fastest, loopiest, and oldest roller coasters are — and more!
The Tallest Roller Coaster In The World Is…
The roller coaster record books are always changing, but one monster that has maintained the tallest roller coaster award since May 2005 is Kingda Ka at Six Flags Great Adventure in New Jersey.
Standing some 456 feet tall, Kingda Ka accelerates its riders to an astonishing 128 miles per hour in just 3.5 seconds, which also makes it the fastest roller coaster in North America.
Kingda Ka also currently holds the record for the longest drop on a steel roller coaster, at 418 feet.
The Fastest Roller Coaster In The World Is…
This ride, which operates at Ferrari World in the United Arab Emirates. Formula Rossa takes guests at astonishing speeds of 149 miles per hour and covers some 1.3 miles of track in about 90 seconds.
The Roller Coaster With The Most Loops Is…
If you head over to England, you better hold onto your hat!
That’s where the most inversions on any roller coaster in the world can be found — 14 of them, to be exact — all on The Smiler, which is located at Alton Towers.
Stateside, the most inversions you’ll find are half the amount that the Smiler dishes out.
Several U.S. roller coasters notch 7 inversions, including:
- Kumba and Montu (both at Busch Gardens Tampa)
- Bizarro (Six Flags Great Adventure)
- Kraken (SeaWorld Orlando)
- Medusa (Six Flags Discovery Kingdom)
- Hydra The Revenge (Dorney Park)
Some Of The Most Famous Roller Coaster Designers In The World Are…
There are many, many individuals that we should thank when it comes to the roller coaster.
Here are just a few names that every roller coaster buff should know:
- LaMarcus Adna Thompson (1848-1919) — Often referred to as “the father of gravity rides,” Thompson had some 30 roller coaster technology patents to his name and pioneered the gravity switchback railways and scenic railways during the 1880s.
- John Miller (1872-1941) — Miller had more than 100 roller coaster patents, and many refer to him as “the father of the modern high-speed roller coaster.” In addition to overseeing the construction of more than 140 wood roller coasters, perhaps his most important invention came in 1919 when he created the under-friction wheel, or up-stop wheel, which rides under the tracks and permits steeper drops, tighter turns, wilder inversions, and many other types of amazing elements.
- John Allen (1907-1979) — A premier designer, Allen helped to revive the wooden roller coaster in the 1960s and 1970s. Some of his most famous rides include Blue Streak (Cedar Point, 1964), The Great American Scream Machine (Six Flags Over Georgia, 1973), and Rebel Yell (King’s Dominion, 1975).
- Anton Schwarzkopf (1924-2001) — This German engineer was a foremost figure in the amusement ride industry throughout the latter half of the 20th century. Schwarzkopf helped popularize the launch roller coaster thanks to his shuttle loop designs in the late 1970s and produced many intense roller coasters with primarily vertical and horizontal looping elements, including Mind Bender (Six Flags Over Georgia, 1978), Scorpion (Busch Gardens Tampa, 1980), and Olympia Looping, which was built in 1989 and travels throughout Germany.
- Ron Toomer (1930-2011) — With 93 roller coasters to his name, Toomer is often regarded as “the father of the modern steel roller coaster.” He was hired by Arrow Development in 1965 and introduced the first modern inverted roller coaster a decade later with The Roaring 20s Corkscrew at Knott’s Berry Farm. The Corkscrew ushered in an era of inverting roller coasters during the late 1970s and early 1980s. He, along with Arrow, would pioneer the suspended roller coaster in 1981 with the opening of The Bat at Kings Island and in 1989 the first roller coaster to top 200 feet in height – none other than Magnum XL-200 at Cedar Point.
- Werner Stengel (1936-present) — A protege of Schwarzkopf, Stengel helped devise the clothoid loop, which exerts less gravitational force on riders than the more circular loops, and the heartline roll, which places the axis of a twist not on the track’s center but rather on the location of a rider’s heart.
More Fun Roller Coaster Facts
How To Plan A Super Fun Roller Coaster Vacation
Why Don’t I Fall Out Of A Roller Coaster When I Go Upside Down?
5 Of The Tallest Roller Coasters In The U.S.
Science Facts About Roller Coasters
How Roller Coasters Work